Before war rages on and the violent strife for freedom in America begins, we are going talk to you about the Armies of the King, and The Armies of the Congress, a very interesting topic in the American Revolution.

 

King’s Army
In 1775, the British Army, known also as the King’s army, was one of the best in the world. In the past years they have already beaten the Spanish “superior” force and have also beaten the French, that even allied with the Indians, couldn’t defeat them. They were nickname “Redcoats” because of their red uniform jackets. The British Army came from England, Scotland, Ireland and Wales. They were also joined by thousands of blueish green-coated German Soldiers hired from the states of Hesse and Brunswick, and by the green coated Loyalists. A third of the American population remained loyal to Britain, and thousand of these Loyalist fought as king’s troops.

 

Congress’s Army
The congress’s Army, the American Revolutionary army, was made up of Continentals, which are regiments of soldiers raised by the Continental Congress. Because of this, the Congress’s Army is often referred to as the “Continental Army”. Civilian militia would often leave their homes to fight together with these army for the Revolution. Continentals usually wore blue or brown coats, and usually wore the old fashioned three- corner cocked hats, while riflemen and militia volunteers mostly wore civilian clothes or hunting shirts. The Continental infantryman was the heart of the Congress’s army, trained to stand firmly in rank during the heat of battle.

Weapons and Technology:
Both Continental and British infantry carried smoothbore muskets and used the same battle tactics: massed firing by ranks and charging with the bayonet. In one hand, we have the British who would produce grenades and would train elite grenadier companies for each of their regiments. In the other hand, we have the American artillery which was essential to the success of the revolutionary forces. Gunners were respected for their outstanding accuracy and skill, and helped win key battles in the revolution.

 

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