Charles Cornwallis was born at Grosvenor Square, London on December 31, 1738 being the eldest son of Charles Earl Cornwallis and Elizabeth Townshend. He graduated from Clare College, Cambridge who then studied military science and getting trained in a military academy on Turin, Italy. Cornwallis returned home after now knowing the news that his father died and took his seat in the house of lords in 1762 when he was already a lieutenant captain. While being part of the House of Lords Cornwallis was in favor of the colonies and voted against the stamp and intolerable acts.

In 1768 Cornwallis got married with Jemima Jones having 1 daughter named Mary and a boy called Charles. Because of the birth of his children, Charles stepped away from military service for some time but when the war with colonies begins he is promoted to major general by king George 111 in 1775.

In 1776 Charles was then sent to America where he plays a key role in General Howe capture of New York and was then preparing his return to ome for winter but had to stay to deal with General George Washington in the side of the patriots. Cornwallis unsuccessfully attacked Washington and later had his rearguard defeated at Princeton in 1777. Cornwallis was blamed for the defeat in Princeton but next year Charles had the key to win the battle
of Brandywine.

Cornwallis later on could go back to England but stay for little time as in 1779 he was called again now to join Clinton in America. Charles participated in the battle at Monmouth against Washington troops again. Charles had to travel back home again but this time because of his wife’s death in February 1779. This made him to devote completely to the army and now control of his troops again now in southern colonies where he moved successfully until he reach Yorktown. Washington raced south to Yorktown, Virginia with a tactic that left Cornwallis away from the supplies that he called on from Georgia, Charles desperate tried to infect the patriots with small pox sending ill solders or to escape by the river but resulted useless. The situation confronted led Cornwallis to surrender his army in 1781 giving an end to American Revolution as patriots managed to undergo the most powerful army of the world.

After his defeat in the colonies, Cornwallis travels to India in 1786 becoming a governer-general but when is time finished he was then sent to Irland also as a governer-general. after Irish rebellion Charles passed the act of union of Ireland with England. Charles Cornwallis quit from the army in 1801 and traveled to India again but died 2 months later after arriving on October 5, 1805.