War had started. The battles of Lexington and Concord had triggered what had for a long time remained hidden and asleep, but still in existence in the heart of every patriot; the fight for liberty and freedom. As New Englanders kept Boston seized and more militia support arrived, decisions were needed to be taken. The New England Colonies also needed a definite and official answer from the other colonies to know whether they were planning to support them in war and join their side or not. Because of all these, a new congress was decided to be held as quickly as possibly, where members from all colonies were expected to come up with thoughtful decisions and rational conclusions.


The Second Continental Congress was convened on May 10, 1775 in Philadelphia. Unlike the first one, ALL thirteen colonies sent delegates and representatives to it. The impact of this Congress was enormous, as well as it splendor and importance. There were many members and delegates gathered including: John Hancock from Massachusetts, Thomas Jefferson of Virginia, and Benjamin Franklin from Pennsylvania. The first thing the congress did was to assume the responsibility of war with Britain, as well give whatever aid necessary to the New Englanders by sending volunteers from the Middle and Southern Colonies to support them and also supplies. Seeing the Seizing of Boston and the battles fought against England, the congress decided to train their men and form a Continental Army. The Continental Army was easily recognized for their famous blue coats. The Congress also decided to place George Washington as the commander of this army. Having fought with great leadership in the French and Indian War (Seven Years War), and coming from Virginia, which was the most powerful and richest colony, George Washington was the best candidate, as he was experienced in battle and assured support from Virginia. He soon proved the Congress they were right about him. The Congress also authorized the printing of money to come up with money for supplies. The Congress had even appointed a standing committee to conduct relations with foreign governments, in case one day the need to ask for help arose; a decision that would later on become the key to victory of the colonists against Britain.

Some radical members of the congress, such as John Adams, wanted to declare independence from Britain. Although some thought this way, the majority did not seek for independence and hope to remain part if the Empire, of course without taxation. Radicals finally recognized that many of the colonists were not ready for independence, for many even thought of allying with the king against the parliament, not knowing the truth about the king. So in July, 1775, after three months of blood share, congress sent an Olive Branch Petition to the king. This petition was a direct appeal to King George III which represented peace.The congress members pleaded to George III, trying to arrive to peaceful resolution and then declaring their loyalty to the Crown. The King rejected the Olive Branch Petition and instead sent more troops to Boston. He declared the colonies to be in a state of rebellion and he dared to hire Hessian mercenaries to try to take over the colonists and colonies. After some months, Congress members were also wanted for treason. As all these happened the cry independence each time grew stronger, as well as the desire to fight for freedom and liberty.