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Since 1773 the war between British and colonists was growing each time more in rivalry. Soilders were dying in large amounts from both sides as wars were lost by the two sides as battles continue. As things went on; Sir William Hoe quit his position of commander in the british army so General Henry Clinton replaced him. As a tactic he thought the clue for the success in this war was to move south the colonies and search for the loyalists; if he was able to control the southern colonies he sight a clear victory by being able to crush the colonies. Clinton assigned Lord Charles Cornwallis to lead his troops in the southern colonies while he remained in New York with another amount of soldiers

Cornwallis then went ahead to the wars in Savanah, Georgia and Camdem, South Carolina where British ended up victorius so things look good for them. Now they moved to Yorktown, Viriginia and began to camp in the Chesapeake Bay. They then called Clinton to send him reinforcements from Georgia. In the other hand were the patriots, George Washington was planning a strategy with french man how to end up british troops; they got to the conclusion to make a move in Yorktown and destroy there the british. The plan consisted to move south to Yorktown while 28 ships were moving with reinforcements and supplies from France to Chesapeake Bay. The ships who were down the orders of Admiral de Grasse was told to sail into the York River to keep out the reinforcements coming from Georgia away from Cornwallis.

Washington start marching with 14,000 man down to Yorktown, they were joined afterwards by 3,000 man who came in October 14 1781. The ships had arrived just in time because british reinforcements were still in their way. Cornwallis tried everything he could against the 17,000 soldiers and even sent british infected with small pox from his camp to try make a hit but didn’t work out. Later he tried to escape with boats across the river but unfortunately for him a storm put a stop to his escape. Reinforcements from Georgia came 5 days later than the french but it was already too late because in October 17 Cornwallis had sent a boy with drums and a white flag to Washington offering a surrender. On October 19 the official papers of surrender were signed. “The world has turned upside down” after 8 years of war a group of untrained farmers defeated the most powerful army in the world.

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Charles Cornwallis was born at Grosvenor Square, London on December 31, 1738 being the eldest son of Charles Earl Cornwallis and Elizabeth Townshend. He graduated from Clare College, Cambridge who then studied military science and getting trained in a military academy on Turin, Italy. Cornwallis returned home after now knowing the news that his father died and took his seat in the house of lords in 1762 when he was already a lieutenant captain. While being part of the House of Lords Cornwallis was in favor of the colonies and voted against the stamp and intolerable acts.

In 1768 Cornwallis got married with Jemima Jones having 1 daughter named Mary and a boy called Charles. Because of the birth of his children, Charles stepped away from military service for some time but when the war with colonies begins he is promoted to major general by king George 111 in 1775.

In 1776 Charles was then sent to America where he plays a key role in General Howe capture of New York and was then preparing his return to ome for winter but had to stay to deal with General George Washington in the side of the patriots. Cornwallis unsuccessfully attacked Washington and later had his rearguard defeated at Princeton in 1777. Cornwallis was blamed for the defeat in Princeton but next year Charles had the key to win the battle
of Brandywine.

Cornwallis later on could go back to England but stay for little time as in 1779 he was called again now to join Clinton in America. Charles participated in the battle at Monmouth against Washington troops again. Charles had to travel back home again but this time because of his wife’s death in February 1779. This made him to devote completely to the army and now control of his troops again now in southern colonies where he moved successfully until he reach Yorktown. Washington raced south to Yorktown, Virginia with a tactic that left Cornwallis away from the supplies that he called on from Georgia, Charles desperate tried to infect the patriots with small pox sending ill solders or to escape by the river but resulted useless. The situation confronted led Cornwallis to surrender his army in 1781 giving an end to American Revolution as patriots managed to undergo the most powerful army of the world.

After his defeat in the colonies, Cornwallis travels to India in 1786 becoming a governer-general but when is time finished he was then sent to Irland also as a governer-general. after Irish rebellion Charles passed the act of union of Ireland with England. Charles Cornwallis quit from the army in 1801 and traveled to India again but died 2 months later after arriving on October 5, 1805.

The Battle of Saratoga was a Military Turning Point, which shifted war in favor of the Americans. It all started with General Burgoyne. He had gone down south from Canada in campaigns to try take New York region and try to cut the Upper Colonies from the Southern ones: weakening Patriots drastically. This couldn’t happen as Americans Soldiers fought with all their hearts, and made the British fall into their trap at Saratoga. Patriots won this battle and in October 17, 1777 made general Burgoyne surrender their troops. This was the greatest Patriot victory yet, which greatly increased American soldiers’ spirit and which suggested Patriots had a chance to win the war.

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The Battle of Saratoga allowed and made French recognize Patriots’ independence. Since long ago, we could observe a France which secretly supplied weapons and ammunitions to Patriots. They were helping secretly because they didn’t want a show or create an open alliance; but now that they saw that the Patriots had an opportunity to win the war, they were willing to form an open alliance with them Americans against the British. France gladly welcomed the opportunity to even with British, and damage and weaken an old enemy. After Saratoga, French decided to negotiate a treaty in February 1778, with Americans. Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson went in the American Delegation to negotiate and secure an Alliance with French. In February 6, the “Treaty of Alliance” is signed bringing many benefits to the Americans. Benjamin Franklin was a key figure during the negotiations and in winning France population’s support. He was praised by the French for showing himself as a humble and common American who loved French. French Navy would make a more even war. Joint operations of French and Americans failed miserably on the first years, but as the years passed, French and Americans improved in battle and their the greatest victory together would happened in 1781.

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The Battle of Saratoga and the alliance with French were critical and essential for winning the war. Without the French, Patriots would have surely lost. Some benefits of French alliance were that french provided supplies and ammunitions to British so that they could continue fighting; french provided volunteers, either soldier or generals, such as Marquis de Lafayette, a brilliant general who help trained patriots and provided military expertise to the Continental Army; French with their navy fought against British Navy; French protected British strategic points and finally that because of French, the war ended in 1781 with victory for the patriots (as well as french). As you can see the French were key elements in winning the war. Without them America would probably not exist today. The Battle of Saratoga and Treaty of Alliance are two things that should be known today about the Revolutionary war: for their importance and impact in history.

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In war there is a time for fighting, a time for thinking and even a time for resting, a time of temporary peace. When winter arrived in the revolutionary war, both the patriots and the British decided to stop fighting for a while, since mobilization of troops and fighting was much tougher when struggling to keep your body warm or walk on dense snow.
On the winter of 1777 and 1778, the patriot army had lost Philadelphia and needed a place to spend the winter. It had to be close enough to Philadelphia in order to have some intel on the British and prevent them from marching deeper into Pennsylvania, but not so close that British could risk a night raid on the Patriots while they were asleep.

Washington decided to make camp at Valley Forge, it was a optimum defensive spot for the Patriots. It was surrounded by mounts that provided a natural barrier and it had the Schuyilkill River to the North which was an obstacle for anyone who wanted to attack them. Besides having a very good geographical location for defending, it was 25 miles northwest of Philadelphia, it was close enough to send spies and gather intel and far enough for the British not to risk their troops on a march to attack the colonists.

Everything looks perfect up to this point, but the Continental army is going through very hard times. Out of the 10,000 man he has at his command, only 1/3 of the army possessed boots and coats to spend the winter. Many of the soldiers had to wrap up their feet using dead rat fur, and that was for the lucky ones who could find rats to kill. The rest of the soldiers walked barefooted on snow! If you haven’t touch snow in your bare skin entire life, let me tell you, it so cold, that it burns your skin. Now to that, add up the cold winds that blow and marching almost 10 hours a day. Some historians assure, that the Continental army left a trail of blood wherever they marched.

“We have this day no less than 2,873 men in camp, unfit for duty because they are barefooted and otherwise naked.” – George Washington

Not only that, supplies for food were scarce, the men would usually work tirelessly under the cold winter in order to build some cabin for them to spend the night, but they would do this starving. They received very few and inadequate supplies of meat and bread, luckily for the Continental army, the baking talents of general Christopher Ludwig helped them by providing them one pound of freshly baked bread a day, which was better than nothing. George Washington taking a look at the desperate situation in which his army stands, decides to write a letter to the Congress in which he explained that if circumstances didn’t improve he would be force to starve, disperse or dissolve the Continental army.

 

 

 

 

 

 

But still, it took some time for the letter to arrive, and patriots had to hold on. Horses were starting from starvation, and the soldiers were dying because of exposure of wounds to the outer environment, not only that but with all these factors of lack of hygiene, hunger and living overcrowded in one cabin made sickness ravage Valley Forge; typhoid, jaundice, dysentery, and pneumonia were among the many diseases that killed 2,500 men that winter.

After many attempts from Washington to make the Continental Congress send supplies, there was still no reply. The Congress had too much things to do throughout the whole territory. But a luckily sky heaven angels came to the rescue, and these angels were the women. Wives, daughters, sisters, nieces, mothers all of them provided help to this army in need. They help to nurse and treat them, sewing and making coats and clothing to the army, and gathering and cooking food for the exhausted soldiers. Some even disguised themselves as men and fought in the battles ahead.

“They were as sky heaven angels, that came to our aid in the most adequate moment… “- taken from a soldier’s diary

Not only did the army received this miraculous morale help, but the army received as well specialized training by the European general Baron Friedrich von Steuben. He taught them discipline, taught them organization while in battle and gave this farmers and merchants a top quality military training that would really prove to be useful when fighting the red coats in future battles.

Having no help or support at all from the Continental Congress, George Washington and his army were not only able to withstand the hardest of challenges that winter had against his weaken army, but they were able to improve their skills, increase their motivation for fighting, and were eager to fight the British when spring arrived, and their wishes will soon become true. After 6 months of having arrived to Valley Forge, word of the British leaving Philadelphia and moving north toward New York arrived, and George Washington went on their pursuit.
It is incredible that when you think about it, Washington was able to win such a great war against the best army in the world by those times, with an army of farmers and merchants; just because of the fact that he and his army were able to survive for one more day in that cold winter of 1777-1778. It is the little things, the ones who make up the huge difference in the end.

“There is a Destiny which has the control of our actions, not to be resisted by the strongest efforts of Human Nature.” – Mighty General George Washington

There are tales in histroy and life, that would never be forgotten; those tales that you would even want your grandson to know; stories that you tell to your child with the uttermost joy and excitement. One of this tales is the Crossing of the Delaware, a tale we want to share with you all. I’m sure most of the Americans have heard it, after all it is a compelling story, an example of freedom and independence that can help us understand that American liberty wasn’t always assured; that people needed to fight against all odds with all their hearts until the very end for it. George Washington and his men as they crossed the Delaware, took history in their own hands and incredibly changed its inexorable course. As things were going, British in a few months were expected to win the Revolutionary War, but this revolutionaries ultimately changed this in this tale; a tale that would be always sounded through history. There was nothing easy about what this men did. They were not equipped, they had no clothes, no food. Marching in the winter was harsh, especially when shoes were not available, and crossing icy water was dangerous and not a recommendable action. However all this was done just to take on the Largest and Strongest Army in the world. These Americans were models of persistence and Washington himself one of the most brilliant leaders. In 1776, twenty hundred men crossed the Delaware. Now in 2012 more than two hundred ninety million Americans, and not just Americans, are beneficiaries of their bravery.

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Our tale opens in the late 1776. It was a time of trouble in the country. As war raged on against British, Patriots well doing not so well, and consequently were losing the war. By November of 1776, the British had defeated George Washington and is men on Long Island, and New York was lost. Patriots have been driven out of New York, and were now pursued through New Jersey. How could the Americans defeated the well trained Redcoats? Many of the americans had no jackets for warmth and many had no shoes and marched with rags wrapped around their feet. And to worsen the situation, everybody was hungry. To find an answer to this question, Washington and his generals decided to use the “surprise element”: cross the Delaware River into Trenton, New Jersey. On the other side of the river British had stationed Hessians which had no respect for American Soldiers and believed they would never do something daring or even bold. Washington would then the unexpected: something daring and bold; cross the Delaware.

Washington called a meeting of Generals and worked out a plan. They agreed that American Troops would cross the Delaware River at Christmas night from different places. Before Dawn of December 26, they should attack the Hessian at Trenton. Washington warned his officers to keep the plan a secret, because to succeed, they needed to catch the Hessians by surprise. By December 25, Americans gathered near the Delaware River ready to cross it and reach Pennsylvania secretly. This task was eased as days before, Washington had order his army to take any boat they found and could use. Reaching the other side of the Delaware River would place Patriots in safety for a time, and also would give them a great military advantage; however the perils that awaited were great. But the Patriots, beaten down as they were, would be able to succeed over these perils and fight again in war? Spirit and morale were essential for succeeding; and who better than Thomas Paine to rise it? Paine had marched with the army across New Jersey and had come with some words to encourage them. Paine wrote: “These are times that try men’s souls” “The summer soldier and the sunshine Patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of their country; but he that stands it now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman.” George Washington would read many of his work such as “American Crisis” to their men to raise their spirits.

Finally the night came. George Washington lead twenty-four hundred men, the main part of the army to a crossing point about nine miles from Trenton. There the soldiers crowded in a black ship that would take them to the other side of the shore. The night that day, was very cold, and the river freezing. The men had a difficult crossing. They had to break ice to get the boats in the river and they needed to evade large chunks of floating ice in their way. The good things was that Washington had some good seafarers who new how to navigate in treacherous waters. The sailor maneuvered boat after boat across the icy river. As soon one group got to the New Jersey shore , they returned to pick up another ones. Washington crossed at the early hours of the crossing. He stood and watch how the wet soldiers arrived. He concluded that their spirit was good but that there was one problem, the crossing was taken longer than expected. Another problem was transporting the cannons, that together with the ammunition, weighed two thousands pounds. Placing them into a slippery boat and making sure that it didn’t sink on the way was difficult, dangerous and slow.

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Downstream, two of George Washington’s commanders struggle to take their men across the river but they couldn’t. General James Ewing and Colonel John Cadwalader could not get through the ice so they had to give up the battle at Trenton. By three o’clock, Washington’s men had already crossed and went on, marching the nine miles to Trenton. It was four o’clock when the army started to move; many hours later than Washington had initially planned. He feared that as the sun was rising, their attack wouldn’t be a surprise; however, there was no turning back. Luckily the Americans encounter with the Hessians resulted a complete surprise. The Americans with their courage and cannons won the first fight and made the Hessians retreat to an orchard field. After having retreat, the Hessians organized an attack hours later, from the orchard. After two hours of fight, the Battle of Trenton was over. Americans had had few deaths, while nine hundred Hessians had been captured. After many defeats, the patriots had finally won a great victory.

Here our tale ends, tale of honor and respect which helped to forge a new independent nation. The crossing of the Delaware resulted as planned, and brought the Patriots their first major victory after having so many defeats. The Crossing of the Delaware is something you should never forget, after all it secured independence and victory.

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The American Revolution War is known for having lots of turns in the tides of war, lots of surprises, and lots of mistakes. But it is also known for being a war where many people who were not American nor British died fighting for a cause many of them, didn’t even know existed.
A very well known group of people that fought during this great war were the Hessians. German mercenary troopers that were hired by George the Third of England, to fight in the American Colonies. They were called Hessians for two reasons: One them being that, out of the 30,000 that fought in the American Revolution, a group of 12,000 soldiers came from Hesse-Cassel, German; all the others came from various German villages. The second reason was that the name “Hessians” was another word for saying “assassin”.

King George knew very well, that fighting in another continent would prove a challenge, since he would need to transport his entire army by ship and that would take months and months of organization and preparation, besides the costs for hiring and maintaing troops was very high by that time. It was cheaper to simply hire these people and give them food and a place to quarter them. The Hessians were paid with a very small salary. The majority of the money went to the prince who owned them, but the good side for the soldiers in this, was that they were allowed to stay with whatever they found while, they were looting a city or seizing a fort and the prince wouldn’t care one bit if the soldiers found an Aztec treasure. He just wanted his British coin for the hiring

And speaking about hiring, the Hessians were not hired as individuals as the slaves were. They were hire in regiments, or groups of soldiers which consisted on: jäger (infantry soldiers), hussars (calvary soldiers), three heavy artillery companies and four battalions of grenadiers. The jäger, by the way, were divided into three subcategories: for close quarter combat, the musketeers; for mid range combat, the fusiliers; and for long range shooting, the chasseurs (which are sharpshooters, or marksman).

Jaegers

Hussars

Artillery

Grenadier Battalions

The Hessians were present in almost every battle in theAmerican Revolution since their arrival in Staten Island, New York on August 15, 1776. They were used as garrison troops to protect conquered cities, in order to have more British troops available for fighting the Patriots in battle, but this strategy was not welcomed by many Americans. Even loyalists saw this as a very low move, by the British king. If he had the strongest army and navy in the world by that time, why was he hiring german speaking troops to fight for him in America? They saw this as a sign of weakness and overconfidence, and also hated the fact that Hessians had no respect for British or non-British civilians. All people who lived in America, but did not wore an army uniform was badly treated Hessian troopers and remember that one of the British acts, The Quartering Act of 1776, states that all civilians must give shelter and food to soldiers fighting under the crown’s orders, whether if they liked it or not, and Hessians WERE fighting under the crown’s orders. Many Americans and even loyalist turned to the Patriot side, when they saw themselves being ordered and even insulted in their own homes, by some foreigners who didn’t even speak the same language.

By the end of the war, as mentioned before, about 30,000 Hessian troopers fought in the American Revolution War, from which about 18,000 returned home, 5000 settled in North America, 6000 died because of illness or accidents, and only 1200 died fighting. And although the British lost the war, no one can deny that Hessians provided a precious aid to the British army, and judging by this statistics, they were also very well-trained soldiers just 1200 Hessians died in battle, compared to the almost 8000 troops Patriots lost while fighting. It was a good investment indeed, although in the end because of many tactical mistakes made by the British, the war was ultimately lost to the Patriots.

“He is at this time transporting large armies of foreign mercenaries to complete the works of death, desolation and tyranny…” -Grievance taken from the Declaration of Independence

Quotes of the Month: October

“Nothing can stop the man with the right mental attitude from achieving his goal; nothing on earth can help the man with the wrong mental attitude.”


– Thomas Jefferson

“The time is near at hand which must determine whether Americans are to be free men or slaves.”


– George Washington

“The rebels did more in one night than my whole army would have done in one month.”


– General Howe

“We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. That to secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed”


– Thomas Jefferson, Declaration of Independence

“The liberties of our country, the freedom of our civil constitution, are worth defending against all hazards: And it is our duty to defend them against all attacks.”


– Samuel Adams

Patriots had finally declared independence, but still they had to win a hard and bloody war to see their long awaited independence become a reality. Patriot were not fighting against anyone; they were fighting against the British, the most powerful empire of that time who was also a leader in manufacturing ships and weapons. While colonists Population was starting to grow, British population was about four times greater, not to mention that not all colonists were patriots willing to fight for America in war: about 1/5 were loyalists who wouldn’t go against their mother empire; another fifth were slaves who most of them hated their Patriot masters and were appealed by loyalism; and many other colonists were neutral. Patriots and their army had many weakness but that would never stop them in fighting in deadly wars and in triumphing superiorly.

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As war began and raged on, we could observe that while British had an established and solid government, the patriots were starting to establish and solidify one, meaning that during war, they were not only struggling to win, but also to build a new government. This implied less organization and less support to the troops in the front lines. We also could observe that the the Continental Congress struggled to pay the cost of war. Patriots fighting required food, clothes and weapons to keep on fighting, and without money, they couldn’t possibly get all this. At least the congress found a solution that was printing their own money called “Continentals” in the colonies. This was a great a solution; but even though, it brought some other problems. The printing of their money caused inflation, so this new money then wasn’t worth much . Another problem was that not everyone would accept this money in purchases or trade because of the risk that if Patriots lost the war, the money would be worth nothing. The Continental Army as a result will suffer hunger and cold becoming drastically weakened, unlike the British army who had every supplied they needed, were well fed, and especially well trained. Continental or patriot soldiers were also somewhat disorganized, not to mention the fact that also vastly outnumbered.

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But even though patriots had all these weaknesses and harsh situations against them, they posses something that would make them ultimately triumph superiorly; they had an undeniable courage, willingness and commitment towards the war, a smart and incredible commander and their women. British since the beginning of war had misunderstood the conflict between them and patriots. They believe they are fighting in a traditional european war, against traditional european armies, who fight for a king for the purpose of gaining more land; but they are not. They are fighting instead in a revolutionary war, the first of its kind. Patriots are fighting for their liberty and are fighting for their own country, not for a king. They would never surrender, nor die without giving a fight. British thought that by capturing their major cities, ports, and defeating the continental army multiple of times, they would make them surrender; but they didn’t. British clearly didn’t understand the essence of war. The Patriots would also fight in a smarter way as seen in the battle of Bunker. Although they were few, they would hid behind stones, trees and shoot at the redcoats; unlike the redcoats who would march all together in open field, and try to win by shooting and standing in the middle of a field, barely making movements.

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One of the patriots greatest strength was Commander, George Washington. Washington’s leadership kept the patriots troops going. He had realized that to have a chance in the war, he must preserve his army and not loose all his men in major battles. George Washington would retreat in battles and would save his army for other battles. Washington was very cunning at retreating; he would do all the damage possibly to the opposing side, and once he started loosing men he would retreat. Because of this, many times George Washington was triumphant, and also save his army as well as the revolution. Another of George Washington great decisions was that he freed the local militia to help suppress the loyalists in the country side.

Finally we have the women or “The Daughters of Liberty”. Without them, life in the colonies would have become much more difficult than what is was, as well as soldiers couldn’t have succeed or even fought in war. Women would free their sons and husband for war. They would take care of the farms, small children, home; taking away any pressure or responsibility from the husband. They would also spend their time to elaborate the so needed and required blankets and boots for soldier. During the war, some women would even follow their men into the army. They would be paid to wash uniforms, clean camps; but some even masked as men, would fight as troops and help with cannons. Some of this women were Deborah Sampson and Mary Hays, better known as Molly Pitcher. She would bring water to the soldiers, but once during the famous battle of Monmouth, legend says her husband was killed, so she stood up and took his place at a cannon.

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Also we can consider patriot’s excellent politicians and prominent men as one of their strength. This men such as Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Jefferson would help construct a better government as well help form alliances with other empires that would become the last key for Patriots to be able to win the war.

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As you can see, Patriots had many difficulties, but their strengths make us conclude that they are able to win a war, as we would see later on.

Although there are many things to know about this British monarch, and all of his achievements and mistakes he made during his reign. He will focus only of those that are related to American Revolution and some of early life to give some background to his life.

George the Third was born in London on June 4th, 1738. He was the grandson of George the second and son of the Prince of Wales, Frederick. From his early childhood George was very committed to his studies and knew how to speak both German and English. He was the first British monarch to study science systematically and this showed people that he was a very profitable prospect to take the crown after his grandfather. Although he will be remembered by many people as a flawed rather incompetent ruler.

On 1760, when George was 22 years old, he succeeded to the crown, when his grandfather George the Second, died suddenly because of natural causes at the age of 77. But, what George the third didn’t expect was that he inherited a kingdom that will soon fall into political instability

George the Third of England

George the Second of Great Britain

The first years of his government, were the years of the Seven Year War

, and although the British had won this war and became the dominant power of Europe and America; the spoils of war were huge and the year after the British victory, the British farms produced a very little income in comparison to other years. British had to find a way to earn Revenue besides taxing themselves, and started to bombard the colonists with lots of taxes, known as acts. Soon Americans started calling these acts the Intolerable Acts.

One very interesting fact about George the Third was that he was kind of like a puppet to Parliament, he had a “blind” confidence that Parliament would always make the right decisions, even when he doubted about their success. He would always approve any proposition of law, act, or action that Parliament gave to him. Most of the actions of the crown in America were actually the Parliament’s will, and King George the third just authorized them the permission to do so.

Actions taken by George the Third, involving the colonies

On the year 1763, George the Third signed the Royal Proclamation of 1763, prohibiting the colonies to move west from the Appalachians, that way they could expand South into the Spanish Florida and North into Nova Scotia.

Approved the Sugar, Stamp, Townshend, Quartering, and Intolerable Acts that taxed the colonists, without them having any kind of representation.

Refused the Olive Branch Petition and sent British soldiers into America to impose authority.

Hired German mercenaries, known as the Hessians to fight the colonists.

Extended the war as much as he could, since he didn’t wanted to lose all the territory his monarchy had work so hard on, and wanted colonists to remorse for their insults against the crown.

Signed the Treaties of Paris and returned Florida to Spain, in 1783. On the Treaties of Paris, he accepts defeat in North America and also accepts the Independence of the colonies from Britain.

The signing of the Treaty of Paris

Later in his reign, George the Third encounters more wars against the French and Napoleon, but this time George the third recovers reputation by defeating Napoleon at the Battle of Waterloo. But later, he started to suffer from dementia, after the death of one of his daughters. Being so old, by the year 1810, he became completely blind and increasingly deaf. On his last week alive he was unable to walk, and finally died at Windsor Castle on January 29, 1820, just four hours after the death of one of his sons. For the rest of his family it was a very tragic day. Especially, for his favorite son, Frederick, the Duke of York, who stood be his side, during his last days.

“Born and educated in this country, I glory in the name of Britain” – George the Third

One of the many battle that British and Americans fought, was the Battle of Bunker Hill.

Lord William Howe, the British Commander had underestimated the Continental army. He thought that they were just as all the other European armies. That they marched in order, alligned themselves in a compact and organized group, and started shooting at the enemy, but he was wrong.

Unlike the Europeans, the Patriots were fighting for their freedom, for their families, for their country. They fought with all their courage to defend what they loved, while the Europeans fought for a king. A king they rarely saw, a king who levied taxes on them, but let the aristocrats live their luxurious life without paying a penny for taxes. And normally Europeans wars were fought to expand their territory, the soldiers normally had no huge motivation to fight in a war, and would normally flee if their life was endangered greatfully. But the fact that Americans were fighting to protect their lives and liberty, made them not fear the fact of dying during a fight, and they were disposed to win the war, by any means necessary.
This was something Commander Howe ignored and the British will pay a price for that…

Two months after losing the battle at Concord, Lord William Howe gives the order to end the seizing of Boston, by taking Bunker Hill. And in this battle
Lord Howe commits all the possible mistakes a general can make during a battle. He orders his red coats to march uphill ( remember the red coats, besides wearing red which is a very notorious color, are carrying heavy equipment) and make a frontal assault during the middle of the day. While the Patriots, under the command of General Putnam and Major William Prescott, were hiding on trenches, behind trees, and stone walls, just waiting eagerly to ambush the British troops.

“Don’t shoot until you see the whites of their eyes!” – General Putnam ordering his troops.

General Howe, sent his troops straight to a rain of fire and death. He wanted his army to win, even though he gave the Americans all posible advantages. He thought that no matter what his experienced army of red coats faced, they would never be defeated by a rabble of insubordinate colonists. But what he didn’t know was that he was only able to win this battle, because colonists ran out of ammunitions, and had to retreat. But the damage was already done, and many red coats died this day. The British may have won the battle in physical terms, but the Americans had built up momentum and spirit with the huge amount of red coats they killed and not only that, but they won the battle psychologically.

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” Such an army, will never be defeated by such a rabble” – Lord William Howe

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